Last update: 08.12.2019
In today’s data-driven world, PII (personally identifiable information) is a prized target for cybercriminals everywhere. In the wrong hands, this information can be used to steal your identity or hack into your private accounts, creating chaos and costing you money.
But with technology standards and hacking methods changing all of the time, how can we keep up to date with the latest measures to protect our sensitive personal information?
From asking whether the IP address is personally identifiable information to knowing whether you should use public wifi to access your bank accounts, our guide will get you up to speed – fast.
What is PII (personally identifiable information)?
PII is sensitive personal information that can be used by companies to build up a profile of an individual. It can also be used by cybercriminals in an attempt to steal data or money, either by accessing existing accounts or by setting up new accounts.
Although financial service institutions have increasingly complex and sophisticated authentication measures in place, hackers are learning all the time as well.
Cybercriminals are also motivated and ready to stay ahead of the game, meaning that vast numbers of fake accounts are set up every year – and equally vast sums of money are stolen through identity theft.
Damage can also be done where malicious individuals set up fake social media profiles and use them to wreak reputational damage.
The variety and volume of data hacks only grows, so don’t find yourself an unwitting victim. There are quick and easy steps that you can take to protect yourself.
15 tips to protect your PII
Here are 15 top tips to help you safeguard your PII and outwit the cybercriminals.
1. Change your passwords regularly
It’s an obvious point, but one that many of us fail to do because we’re worried about losing track of the latest password incarnation – or (wrongly) assume it is safe and fine to use.
Don’t take the risk that your password will grow stale and don’t use anything obvious. Yes, you who uses “P*ssw8rd” – we do mean you!
Read more: Best Password Managers
2. Check your social media account settings
It’s vital to keep your social media accounts carefully locked down. Review your privacy settings so that you are clear on what you are sharing and to whom. Cybercriminals can easily access private data about you and use it to set up fake accounts or attempt to carry out a phishing campaign.
Don’t share private data online, use two-factor authentication, and minimize the information you provide on your profile page.
3. Use public wifi cautiously
Public wifi is great when you’re on the go, but it is very easy for hackers to set up fake “free wifi” networks to steal data. Verify the network details with the staff at the coffee shop, train station, hotel, or business service that is purporting to offer it.
A VPN (Virtual Private Network), is a great way to protect your sensitive personal information because the PII is encrypted and rerouted through a safe tunnel that ensures privacy.
Read more: Does a VPN protect you on public wifi
4. Make your security questions tricky
It’s not recommended to choose easy to answer questions – such as the town of your birth. So choose options that relate to things that only you would know.
For example, the name of your first pet or childhood best friend are easy questions for you, but far more difficult for a hacker.
5. Use a random password generator
These software generators use randomization to assign a password that a hacker could never guess. Take advantage of these key security features that ramp up your password complexity to the next level.
Read more: How to create a strong password?
6. Use private browsing
Although the private browsing feature won’t entirely anonymize your activity on the web, it can give you an element of protection – especially if your device isn’t private. With this setting, your browser will delete temporary internet files, cookies, and your browser history once you close your window.
Read more: Is Google Incognito really private
7. Hide your IP address
So is the IP address personally identifiable information? Yes, although legally not everywhere. Therefore consider using a VPN to reroute your online searches through safe servers before they hit their intended destination.
Read more: 4 ways to hide your IP address
8. Choose your device carefully
When you’re logging in to a private account of any kind, make sure you use your own device. Conversely, don’t use public access computers to access bank accounts or social media. They may be infected will malware that can steal login info or PII.
9. Think twice before giving out your NI (National Insurance) number
There are always occasions when you are asked to give your NI number. But think carefully before you do and avoid sharing these details unless a financial services organization, NHS service, employer or other “legitimate” entity is requesting them.
For many types of identity theft to be successful, the NI number must be present. The more organizations have your number, the less secure it becomes.
10. Make your browser use HTTPS
Use an extension to force your browser to always opt for an HTTPS webpage instead of HTTP. Try the HTTPS Everywhere addon or Google other similar services to find one that you like.
11. Sign out!
When you have accessed an account of any kind online, remember to sign out when you have finished using it. If you’ve been using a wifi network that isn’t your own, select “forget this network” on your device once you’ve finished what you’re doing.
12. Be on guard for phishing scams
Today’s phishing attempts are often incredibly sophisticated, and many people cannot identify these fake messages as they will sometimes look like they’ve come from a trusted brand. Look out for spelling errors, attachments, strange salutations, blurry logos, subjects that aren’t familiar to you and noticeably vague content. Most importantly, however, preview the URLs before clicking any links or buttons.
Embedded links are a bad sign in general – a bank will never ask you to click through an email to access your account. If you’re unsure, call the company directly and check.
Read more: How to identify a phishing email
13. Read the fine print
It’s far too easy to skim past T’s and C’s when you’re in a rush. Take time to read this information and know precisely how a company is planning to handle your PII. There’s been a lot of controversy over the way big brands are dealing with sensitive personal information, so make sure you do what you can to not end up a victim.
14. Use antivirus software
Make sure you have installed the latest version of your antivirus software to avoid spyware, viruses, trojans, and other malicious code programs attacking your device. There are free and paid versions, as well as options for Mac and PC.
Incidentally, don’t believe that you are less likely to be hacked if you’re an Apple device user – this might have been the case some years ago, but not anymore!
Read more: Best Antivirus Protection for 2019
15. Use a VPN
We’ve touched on it above, but a VPN is a good service to use if you’re keen on remaining anonymous and safe online. There are a number of services on the market, each of which has something slightly different to offer, from encryption to server numbers.
What they have in common, however, is the ability to give you peace of mind when operating in the digital space.
Read more: Best VPN services